About Zambia
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A Chronology Of Key Events:

12th Century - Shona people arrive in the area, later establishing the empire of the Mwene Mutapa, which includes southern Zambia.

16th Century - Arrival of peoples from Luba and Lunda empires of Zaire to set up small kingdoms.

Late 18th Century - Portuguese explorers visit.

19th Century - Instability generated by migration as well as slave-trading by Portuguese and Arabs.

1851 - British missionary David Livingstone visits.

1889 - Britain establishes control over Northern Rhodesia, administering the area using a system of indirect rule which leaves power in the hands of local rulers.

Late 1920s - Discovery of copper, which later encourages an influx of European technicians and administrators.

1953 - Creation of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, comprising Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi).

1960 - UNIP (United National Independence Party) formed by Kenneth Kaunda to campaign for independence and dissolution of federation dominated by white-ruled Southern Rhodesia.

1963 - Federation dissolved.

1964 - Independence, with Kaunda as president.

Late 1960s and the 1970s - Key enterprises nationalised. Private land nationalised in an unsuccessful agricultural improvement programme.

1972 - Zambia becomes a one-party state, with UNIP as the only legal party.

1975 - Tan-Zam railway opened, providing a link between the Copperbelt to the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam, reducing Zambian dependence on Rhodesia and South Africa for its exports.

1976 - Zambia declares support for the independence struggle in Rhodesia. Zambian help proves crucial to the transition of Rhodesia to an independent Zimbabwe.

1990 - Food riots.

1991 - Multiparty constitution adopted. Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) wins elections and its leader, Frederick Chiluba, becomes president.

1996 - Change to constitution effectively barring Kaunda from future elections. Chiluba re-elected.

1997 - Attempted coup.

1999 - A high court sentences 59 soldiers to death after they are found guilty of treason for the failed coup attempt in 1997.

2000 May - Fighting between Angolan forces and UNITA rebels spills over into Zambian territory.

2000 July - Environment Minister Ben Mwila expelled from the MMD and dropped from the cabinet after announcing his intention to run for president in 2001.

2000 December - UN officials estimate that up to 60,000 refugees fleeing fighting in the Democratic Republic of Congo move to Zambia in less than a week.

2001 May - Setback for governing Movement for Multi-party Democracy as senior members hive off to create Forum for Democracy and Development. They're opposed to Chiluba's bid for a third term in office.

2001 June - Astronomers, tourists flock to Zambia for solar eclipse.

2001 July - Paul Tembo, former campaign manager for Chiluba who joined the opposition, is murdered shortly before he is due to testify against three ministers in a high-level corruption case.

2001 July - Zambia appeals for aid to feed some 2 million people after poor harvests caused by floods and drought.

2001 July - Final summit of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), launch of the African Union.

2001 August - Diplomatic tension after Angola allegedly captures 13 Zambian villagers, apparently in retaliation for arrest of Angolan troops who crossed into Zambia.

2001 September - About 100 people surrender to police after being accused of defaming President Chiluba by signing a petition accusing him of theft. They are released shortly afterwards.

2001 October - Influx of Angolan refugees fleeing new fighting at home.

2002 January - Levy Mwanawasa is sworn in as president amid opposition protests over alleged fraud and ballot rigging in December's presidential elections.

2002 July - Parliament, with the encouragement of the president, votes to remove ex-president Frederick Chiluba's immunity so he can be prosecuted for alleged corruption. He later challenges the decision in court.

2002 October - The government says it will not accept genetically modified (GM) maize to help alleviate severe food shortages facing three million people in the country.

Source : BBC

Add to Readers' Cornner

A Chronology Of Key Events:

Zambia Introduction

Archaeological Evidence 1 To 2 Millions Years


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